Common Types of Residential Architecture
1) Colonial- This style of home is characterized by a symmetrical facade with the entry in the center. They are usually rectangular and have at least two stories.
2) Cape Cod- This style developed from Colonial styles. They are usually symmetrical with one and a half stories and a central chimney. They have steep roofs and dormer windows. There is very minimal exterior ornamentation.
3) Ranch- A modern style unique to America. They are only a single floor and have an asymmetrical design. There is more emphasis on the backyard living space rather than on large front porches.
4) Split-Level- This is a variant of the Ranch style. Split-Level homes are usually three or four levels, each connected by a short flight of stairs or "half staircase." They have simple, open floor plans with minimal wasted space.
5) Bungalow- These homes are characterized by their covered front porches, often very large. They usually have low pitched roofs and a very traditional floor plan. Evolved from the Craftsman style.
6) Tudor- Sometimes called Medieval Revival. This style of architecture is ornate with steeply pitched, multi-gabled roofs. The exterior is usually stucco with decorative details that mimic exposed wood framing (vertical). The colors of these homes are usually a cream accented with a deep brown. They often have tall, narrow windows.
7) Victorian- This architectural style is very ornate and decorative. These homes often will have curved towers, patterned shingles, and very detailed trim work. Heritage Hill in Grand Rapids has some great examples of Victorian architecture.